When you have a tree in your yard that needs removing, it is always a good idea to call in the professionals. After all, there are plenty of jobs around the home and in the yard that we can all tackle, some with a little training and some with nothing more than hard work and a can do attitude.
Tree surgery however is not one of these jobs!
So if you have an ailing or perhaps already dead tree in your yard, hopefully you’ve already called in the professionals. They will have explained why the tree needs to come down – and also how the tree will be removed.
If however you’ve always wondered how tree surgeons remove a tree, then broadly speaking there are three methods available to them. Which one they choose will depend on both the condition of the tree itself and also where it is placed. The real pro will carefully evaluate which method is going to be best to minimize danger to both themselves and also to your surrounding property.
Here is a brief guide to the three main methods of tree removal employed by professionals. If you are considering hiring a pro, this guide will help you to understand their planning and the way they manage risks.
Climbing, Dismantling and Lowering
This is often referred to as the most technical of the tree removal options available to a tree surgeon. This technique will be employed where a large tree needs to be felled in an area that is not suitable for felling of the whole tree – or even simply allowing branches and trunk sections to just fall to the ground.
Examples of an area such as this would an ornamental garden or a tight space where falling debris could cause damage to property.
With this method, a series of pulleys and ropes will be set up to allow pieces of the tree to be carefully lowered to the ground. The tree surgeon themselves will be in the tree, cutting it down piece-by-piece from the top, working toward the bottom.
Climbing, Dismantling and Throwing
Did you catch the small change to the name of this method? “With this option, the contractor will broadly employ the same methods of dismantling – i.e. they will be up the tree in a harness, cutting it into pieces and working from the top downwards” – says Dan Robertson, owner of a tree service located in Alexandria, VA. He believes it to be the most efficient way to go.
This method however takes place with a tree that cannot be simply felled in one go, but also is not on ground that requires protection from falling pieces. Therefore instead of a system of ropes and pulleys, the tree surgeon simply lets branches and trunk sections fall to the ground for later collection and disposal.
Probably the method of tree removal that immediately jumps to the forefront of all our minds when we imagine a tree being removed. The classic image of a felling is probably a muscular man in a red and black checked shirt, happily attacking a tree with an axe before stepping back with a hearty cry of “Timber!”
The truth is, it’s a little more complicated than that. Well, not a little… A lot! How complex can it really be you might ask?
For one thing, no professional with a desire to retire without crippling shoulder arthritis is going to tackle your work with an ax.
Here’s a good article for you to get an idea of what it’s like for a tree, when it gets hotter. For example, states like Arizona and Texas get so hot the trees dry out, so read about “zombie” trees here. There’s some really good advice on what to do with those trees.
Another consideration is the fall zone. Basically, a tree surgeon will calculate the trajectory of falling tree, and carefully cut it so that it will fall into a predetermined area – the fall zone. This area of course will be well away from any obstructions such as property, power lines or ornamental gardens. Because of this, felling can only take place on a tree that is surrounded by plenty of space.
Felling is therefore a much more complicated job, involving careful calculations by the tree surgeon – though they are free to wear a red and black check shirt if they really want to.…